Style – flinty, mineral, racy Pernand Vergelesses is one of three villages in the north of the Côte de Beaune whose vineyards cluster around the Hill of Corton (the others being Aloxe Corton and Ladoix Serrigny). It is one of the oldest villages of the Côte de Beaune and the only one which has both white and red at all four appellation levels - grand cru, premier cru, villages and regional. Whites from Pernand are known for their mineral driven profiles and can be excellent value - on this side of the Corton hill just the below the Grand Cru Corton Charlemagne appellation, the terroir is perfectly suited to Chardonnay (brown marly soils). Wines are flinty and lean and age beautifully. Aligoté is also a permitted grape variety, used to produce Bourgogne Aligoté. Unusually, most vineyards have a western exposure and in cooler years, ripening can be the biggest challenge.
However, the top two red vineyards, Ile de Vergelesses and les Vergelesses (the latter shared with Savigny-les-Beaune) have a south easterly exposition and are not in the shadow of the hill of Corton. The eight classified premier Cru vineyards in Pernand are divided into two main areas - to the north east of the village on a hill next to the hill of Corton, which only produces whites, and the other south of the village towards Savigny-lès-Beaune. Some new white premier cru vineyards (Clos Berthet, Clos le Village and Sous Frétille) previously planted with red grapes, were added to the appellation in 2001 as the soil was better suited to growing Chardonnay. Grand Cru regulations are different here - there is only one Grand Cru appellation for reds, Corton (the part of Corton within Pernand is only allowed to produce red) and two for whites; Corton-Charlemagne and Charlemagne (the latter is rarely used these days).
The specific lieu-dits may attach their names i.e Corton Clos du Roi, Corton Bressandes and ‘Corton’ can be a mixture of many vineyards. ‘Le Corton’ however, can only come from a specific parcel at the top of the hill.